Chardonnay is a world-famous white grape variety from France. It is an independent variety, although – not so long ago – it was equated with Pinot blanc. It is part of the Western European group of varieties of Proles occidentalis and originates in Burgundy, although some literature states that it originates in the Champagne region. Its leaves differ from those of Pinot blanc, as was already noted by Dominik Čolnik in Bleiweis’s Novice in the 1860s. Chardonnay grape clusters are quite compact, cylindrical and pointed. Grapes are small to medium sized, with succulent flesh. They mature medium late, with lower yield than Pinot blanc. Chardonnay has more sugar in the must than Pinot blanc and also ripens earlier. It also has more acid and a more pronounced bouquet. The French proudly claim that Chardonnay is the king of white wines. Even young wine has a pleasant flavour, matures nicely and ages well. In young wines in more northern locations, we can detect fresh fruit aromas of apples and even peaches, while Chardonnays from southern locations contain traces of exotic fruits aromas. As they mature, these aromas change. Total acids are well covered, so Chardonnay yields full bodied and harmonious wines. Chardonnay is a grape variety that has become very well domesticated all over the world, so the French joke that it does them a disservice because it allows production of excellent white wine in other wine-growing regions of the world. But it is also true that it expresses different characteristics in different places.

(Založba Modrijan, 2011), str.167